Acquirers Not Liable for Attorneys’ Fees for Renegotiating Merger Terms

by Marc Wolinsky, for The Harvard Law School Forum at Harvard Law School, Febraury 11, 2010.

Two recent rulings in New York and Delaware denying motions by plaintiffs in a shareholder class action for attorneys fees should provide acquirers with comfort that they can negotiate changes to transaction terms without fear that the renegotiation will necessarily render them liable for attorneys’ fees. In re Bear Stearns Litig., Index No. 600780/08 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Dec. 28, 2009); Alaska Electrical Pension Fund v. Brown, C.A. No. 2015 (Del. Jan. 14, 2010).

In the Bear Stearns case, the plaintiffs filed suit challenging the terms of an acquisition the day after it was announced, claiming that the consideration was inadequate. When the parties to the merger subsequently renegotiated its terms to increase the consideration, the class action plaintiffs sought attorneys’ fees, claiming that their litigation had caused the parties to renegotiate the economic terms of the deal. Similarly, in Alaska Electrical Pension Fund, while the defendant agreed that the settlement of Delaware litigation played a role in the decision to increase the deal price from $93 to $100 per share, the defendant contested the claim of non-settling plaintiffs that their separate litigation in California played a role in the subsequent decision to raise the deal price to $109 per share.

In both cases, the courts undertook a detailed factual analysis of the negotiations that led to the price increases and concluded that the participants in the negotiations were not motivated by the pending shareholder litigation to increase the price…(continue reading)


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